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911 Turbo S 3.6 – 450 ch [1997 à 1998]

White giants

Since the launch of the 930 3.0 Turbo in 1974, the “Turbos” have been the most powerful 911s of any generation. Porsche Classic pitted the two latest air-cooled turbo 911s – the 964 Turbo 3.6 and the 993 Turbo S – against the latest 991 Turbo 150 to compare three of the best sports cars of all time.

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£250k Porsche 993 Turbo S headlines Silverstone Auctions Porsche sale

59 Porsches are set to go under the hammer at the one-marque sale later this month.

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The Porsche Index: 993 Turbo

Development of the Neunelfer has always been viewed as evolutionary, but since the 1984 launch of the 3.2 Carrera, Porsche was determined not to let the grass grow under the 911’s wheels.

That model was replaced by the substantially redesigned 964, a car that introduced modernities such as power steering, anti-lock brakes and four-wheel drive. By 1993 it was all change again, Tony Hatter’s interpretation bringing a smoother look and the promise of a body that was 80 per cent new.

More rigid and boasting new VarioRam-equipped engines and a sophisticated multi-link rear axle, the 993 proved hugely popular and was a fitting curtain call for the air-cooled era. But for the best part of a year, the range had lacked a crucial element, one that had featured on 911s for two decades.

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That situation was remedied for the 1996 model year with the arrival of the Turbo. As befitting a range-topping 911, buyers who stumped up the £91,000 asking price were treated to a unique styling and aerodynamic package, which included voluptuously flared rear arches and a fixed rear wing to replace the pop-up item found on other models.

But it was beneath that rear wing where the real intent lay, Porsche equipping the new car with an engine that, GT2 aside, was the most powerful yet fitted to a road-going 911, the 408bhp output and 4.3-second 0-62mph time eclipsing the figures of the Ferrari F355 that had been launched two years earlier.

Those numbers came courtesy of a 3.6-litre M64/60 motor that had been thoroughly revised. The new forged alloy cylinder heads contained a single spark plug per cylinder; there were stronger internals, and a pair of smaller KKK K16 blowers that negated the laggy throttle response, which had characterised previous turbocharged 911s.

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And the technological advances didn’t stop there, the 993 benefitting from a strengthened six-speed manual transmission – the 540Nm of torque precluded use of the Tiptronic automatic – that drove through a new, power-assisted clutch.

A 911 Turbo first was a viscous coupled four-wheel-drive system distributing the power, while stopping duties were taken care of by 322mm discs, Big Red calipers and Bosch ABS to convince buyers they really were buying the ultimate incarnation of the 993.

Until 1998, that is, with the unveiling of the Turbo S from Porsche Exclusive. Boasting the aggressive Aerokit II body addenda, power and torque were hiked to 450bhp and 585Nm respectively, numbers that ensured this model a place among the quickest of 911s.

To read our Porsche 993 Index in full, including expert market analysis and tips of prospective owners, pick up Total 911 in store today. Alternatively, order your copy online for home delivery, or download it to your digital device now.

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Gallery: Porsche 993 Turbo v Porsche 993 Turbo S

The Porsche 993 Turbo is a firm favourite among the Total 911 team and you, our loyal readers. In a poll of your favourite 911 Turbo generations, the 993 overwhelmingly trumped its forced induction opposition, taking 44 per cent of the vote. We even bumped the 993 Turbo up to a five-star rating in issue 135.

So, how do you best the 993 Turbo? With a 993 Turbo S, of course. In issue 138 earlier this year, we got the two ultimate air-cooled Neunelfers together for a twin test of epic proportions.

The photography from South Africa was pretty special too, so much so that we just had to share these seven stunning shots with you. Enjoy:

Porsche 993 Turbo

Porsche 993 Turbo S

Porsche 993 Turbo

Porsche 993 Turbo S

Porsche 993 Turbo S

Porsche 993 Turbo S

To read our 993 Turbo v 993 Turbo S head-to-head, download Total 911 issue 138 straight onto your digital device now.

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Sales Spotlight: Porsche 993 Turbo S

As the last in the line of air-cooled, turbocharged Porsche 911s, the 993 Turbo holds a special place in the heart of many Neunelfer enthusiasts. It therefore stands to reason that the Turbo S variant – 342 of which were built in during the last year of luftkühlung – is even more highly prized.

In standard form, the last air-cooled Turbo provides one of the best 911 driving experiences around, with the Porsche 993 Turbo S taking things to new heights. After all, a 911 has to truly earn the right to a five-star rating in the Total 911 ‘Data File’.

This added X-factor doesn’t come cheap though. 993 Turbo Ss have long sat north of the £250,000, with this even rarer right-hand drive example from The Octane Collection currently commanding an asking price of £319,995.

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Like modern Turbo Ss, this extra premium does bring with it a number of standard options and revisions, not least to the 3.6-litre, twin turbocharged flat six, which gained 41hp over the 993 Turbo thanks to the X50 powerkit, bringing the total output to 456hp.

The kit comprises modified turbochargers, a larger intercooler, a tweaked ECU and a more free flowing exhaust system, identified via its two sets of twin tailpipes.

It’s not just the engine that was given a thorough seeing to though. Porsche Exclusive provided the Turbo S with a revised Aerokit and, most notably, air intakes on the rear arches (a tweak that would become a defining feature of the wide-bodied water-cooled Turbos).

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The example currently available at prestige car specialist, The Octane Collection, features swathes of carbon fibre interior trim (as well as a carbon coated strut brace) while the Turbo S’s customary ‘Big Yellow’ brake calipers contrast nicely against the Basalt Black paintwork.

As you’d expect from a £300,000 Porsche 911, this 993 Turbo S has been well looked after, with a full service history at official Porsche Centres accounting for the car’s 45,610 miles.

For more information on this Porsche 993 Turbo S, or to see the rest of The Octane Collection’s stock, visit their website now.

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